Birds

Birds

Puffin

Puffins are any of three small species of alcids (auks) in the bird genus Fratercula with a brightly coloured beak during the breeding season. These are pelagic seabirds that feed primarily by diving in the water. They breed in large colonies on coastal cliffs or offshore islands, nesting in crevices among rocks or in burrows in the soil. Two species, the tufted puffin and horned puffin, are found in the North Pacific Ocean, while the Atlantic puffin is found in the North Atlantic Ocean.

All puffin species have predominantly black or black and white plumage, a stocky build, and large beaks. They shed the colourful outer parts of their bills after the breeding season, leaving a smaller and duller beak. Their short wings are adapted for swimming with a flying technique under water. In the air, they beat their wings rapidly (up to 400 times per minute) in swift flight, often flying low over the ocean's surface.

GoldFinch (Common)

Carduelis carduelis

Appearance

12cm long with a wingspan of 24cm. A bright and distinctive bird with a red face, white cheeks and a bright yellow bar on wings.

Juveniles have brown-streaked upperparts, whitish underparts, and black wings with yellow wing bars. The bill is quite long and pointed.

Blue Tit

Cyanistes caeruleus

Appearance

11 -12 cm long with a wingspan of 18cm Yellow-green above with blue wings and tail, and a blue cap. Yellow below with a shot, central dark stripe. The face is white with black markings. Juveniles have a yellow face and a dull blue cap.

Juveniles GoldFinch (Common)

GoldFinch (Common)

Carduelis carduelis

Appearance

12cm long with a wingspan of 24cm. A bright and distinctive bird with a red face, white cheeks and a bright yellow bar on wings.

Juveniles have brown-streaked upperparts, whitish underparts, and black wings with yellow wing bars. The bill is quite long and pointed.

Blue Tit

Cyanistes caeruleus

Appearance

11 -12 cm long with a wingspan of 18cm Yellow-green above with blue wings and tail, and a blue cap. Yellow below with a shot, central dark stripe. The face is white with black markings. Juveniles have a yellow face and a dull blue cap.

Juveniles GoldFinch (Common)

Great Tit (Common)

Parus major

Appearance

14cm long with a wingspan of 24cm Yellow-green above with blue-green wings and tail, yellow below with a black stripe running all the way from below with a black stripe running all the way from breast to tail. Makes have a very broad black stripe and paler yellow underparts. The head is black with white cheek patches.

Chaffinch (Common)

Fringilla coelebs

Appearance

16cm long with a wingspan of 26cm. The Male has a chestnut-brown back, pink cheeks, breast and underparts and blue-grey cap and neck. Colours are darker and drabber during the winter. The female is brown above and paler brown below with two darker stripes across the top and down the back of the head.

Coal Tit (Common)

Periparus ater

Appearance

12 cm long with a wingspan of 19 cm Grey-brown upperpart, creamy-beige underparts. The head is black with white cheeks and a distinctive white patch on the nape of the neck.

Great Spotted Woodpecker (Common)

Dendrocopos major

Appearance

23cm long with a wingspan of 36cm. Black and white with a bright red under the tail. The male also has a red patch on the back of the head.

Juveniles have a red crown.

Lesser Redpoll (common)

Carduelis cabaret

Appearance

14cm long with a wingspan of 22c. Steaked brown upperpart, buff below, usually with prominently streaked flanks. Red forehead and small black bib.  the male has a red throat and breast in breeding plumage.

Mallard (common)

Anas platyrhynchos

Appearance

58cm long with a wingspan of 90cm. In breeding plumage, the male has a distinctive green head with a white neck band a yellow bill a characteristic black tail-curl, and both male and female have a purple-blue patch on the wings, bordered with white (not always visible) The female is mottled brown and cream. During summer moulting, the male resembles the female.

 

Robbin (Common)

Erithacus rubecula

Appearance

14cm long with a wingspan of 21cm. Male and females are alike, with a brown back and red breast. Young Robins are blotchy brown and do not develop a red breast until they are 2 or 3 months old.

Robbin juv (Common)

Erithacus rubecula

Appearance

14cm long with a wingspan of 21cm. Male and females are alike, with a brown back and red breast. Young Robins are blotchy brown and do not develop a red breast until they are 2 or 3 months old.

Collared Dove (common)

Steptopelia decaocto

Appearnce

31cm long with a wingspan of 51 cm. Pale grey-brown with darker wing-tips and a black half-collar, bordered with white, around the back of the head. This black collar is less noticeable in young birds and may be absent.

Starling (common)

Sturnus vulgaris

Appearance

22cm long with a wingspan of 40cm. Mainly black with green and purple gloss, liberally speckled with white spots during autumn and winter. The spots during autumn and winter. The spots are at the tips of the feathers and by spring they have worn away, revealing the glossy iridescent summer plumage.

Moorhen (common)

Gallinule chloropus

Appearance

34 cm long with a wingspan of 52cm. Adults are dark brown-black with a thin white line along each side and a yellow-tipped red bill which extends upwards into a shield.

Great Crested grebe (common)

Podiceps cristatus

Appearance

48cm long with a wingspan of 88 cm. In breeding plumage, the head has a distinctive black crest of feathers, and russet and black ear tufts. The pink bill is sharply pointed.

Grey Heron (common)

Ardea cinerea

Appearance

94cm long with a wingspan of 185com. The body is grey above, white below with black markings. The head and neck are mainly white, with distinctive black markings running from the eye back into long narrow crest feathers. Juveniles are mainly grey with no creat.

Greenfinch (common)

Carduelis chloris

Appearance

15cm long with a wingspan of 26cm. The male is yellowish greenish and yellow, becoming greyer in winter. The female is browner above, greyer in winter. The female is browner above, greyer below. Juveniles are similar to females but are streaked below. Yellow wing feathers create a bright yellow panel along the edge of the folded wing in both sexes. The bill is stout and conical.

 

Carrion Crow (common)

Corvus corone

Appearance

46cm long with a wingspan 0f 98cm. Glossy black all over, with a stout beak. In flight, the end of the tail is less rounded than that of the Rook, and the wings do not narrow at the base.

Kestrel (common)

Falco tinnunculus

Appearance

34cm long with a wingspan of 76cm. Both male and female have chestnut-brown underparts with dark markings, creamy-brown underparts with dark markings, and a dark moustache stripe. The male a grey head and a plane grey tail with a black band across the end. The female has a streak brown head and a barred tail.

Great Crested Grebe (Common)

Podiceps cristatus

Appearance
48 cm long with a wingspan of 88cm. In breeding plumage, the head has a distinctive black crest of feathers, and russet and black ear tufts. The pink bill is sharply pointed.

Swan

'Mute Swan (Common)

Cygnus olor

Appearance 
Up to 152cm long, with a wingspan of 223cm. 
The adult is white with a mainly orange bill,
black face markings and a black knob at the
base of the bill  (smaller in females and young
bird). The head and neck may be stained by
minerals in the water in which the swan feeds.

Cygnets

Cygnets (common)

Baby swan mainly greyish with a dark bill.