Glasgow Scots: Glesga Glaschu is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country’s West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as “Glaswegians” or “Weegies”. It is the fifth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.
Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Scotland and tenth largest by tonnage in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the fifteenth century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. From the eighteenth century onwards, the city also grew as one of Great Britain’s main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies.
Due to the forced displacement of people during the second phase of the Highland clearances in the 19th century, 30,000 highlanders who spoke Scottish Gaelic but not English came to Glasgow to find work. When arriving in the city they were housed in many different areas of Glasgow. Over many years Highlanders continued to arrive and began to keep in touch by meeting under the bridge, mostly at weekends. With the city’s inclement weather and the meeting of the Highlanders, it came to be known as the Hielanman’s Umbrella.
Charing Cross Glasgow
Charing Cross is a major road junction in the Scottish city of Glasgow. It is situated north of the River Clyde at the intersection of Sauchiehall Street, St George’s Road, Woodlands Road, North Street and Newton Street, as well as being at a major interchange of the M8 motorway. Formerly the gateway from the shopping area of Sauchiehall Street to the more prosperous Woodlands area, its architectural qualities were largely razed by the building of the motorway. It still marks the boundary between the City Centre and the West End of the City. Nearby landmarks include the Mitchell Library.
Glasgow Science Centre
Glasgow Science Centre from the west
The largest of the three main, titanium-clad buildings take a crescent shape structure and houses a Science Mall. In architectural terms, it represents the canted hull of a ship, a reference to the adjacent ‘canting basin’, where vessels were brought to have the marine growth removed from their hulls. Internally, there are three floors of over 250 science-learning exhibits. As is usual for science centres, the exhibits aim to encourage interaction and can be used or played with as part of the informal learning experience the centre aims to deliver. The building was designed by BDP.
On Floor 1, amongst the many interactive exhibits that demonstrate scientific principles, visitors can access a Science Show Theatre and the Glasgow Science Centre Planetarium. The planetarium contains a Zeiss optical-mechanical projector that projects images of the night sky onto a 15m diameter dome. There is an area specifically aimed at young children, called The Big Explorer.
On Floor 2, visitors can explore opportunities in STEM careers in the My World of Work Live interactive exhibition space. There is also The Lab, primarily used as an educational workshop space.
Floor 3 was refurbished in 2012 and reopened to the public on 28 March 2013. It now houses an interactive exhibition about human health and wellbeing in the 21st century, called BodyWorks. Visitors are invited to consider their bodies, health and lifestyle from a new perspective through 115 interactive exhibits, research capsules and live laboratory experiences.
The Ground Floor of the Science Mall contains the ticket desk, cafes, gift shop, and a cloakroom. There are a number of flexible room spaces on the Ground Floor that are used for a variety of educational and corporate purposes: an education space called The Egg; a lecture-theatre space called The Auditorium; and the Clyde Suite, a multi-purpose function space. Access to Glasgow Tower for the public is also via the Ground Floor.
Glasgow Tower is a free-standing tower located on the south bank of the River Clyde in Glasgow, Scotland and forms part of the Glasgow Science Centre complex. It holds a Guinness World Record for being the tallest fully rotating freestanding structure in the World, in which the whole structure is capable of rotating 360 degrees. After being closed in 2008 for refurbishments, the tower re-opened to the general public in July 2014.
Lord Foster’s Clyde Auditorium, colloquially known as the Armadillo
Plans for a new building to increase the capacity of the SECC complex were initiated in 1997. Designed by architects Foster and Partners, the 2,000 seat venue was completed in 2000, by which time it had earned its affectionate nickname, due to the similarity of its shape to that of the animal of the same name.
Many comparisons have been made with the Sydney Opera House, although this was not the architects’ inspiration for the design, which was, in fact, an interlocking series of ship’s hulls, in reference to Clyde’s shipbuilding heritage.
The building has become one of the most recognisable on Clydeside and an iconic image of Glasgow. It is connected by passageways to the SEC Centre, and the Crowne Plaza hotel for easy access and exit for performers.